In response to many questions we have received from private practitioners, we offer this information in the hope that we can be of assistance to you when providing valuable consultations and/or evaluations to your clients. If you have other questions not covered here, please feel free to call our offices at: 386-734-7190 (DeLand Administration, ask for School Psychological Services Office) or 386-255-6475 (East Volusia County area).
Examples of intellectual assessments that are acceptable and most commonly used when determining eligibility for ESE services:
Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)
Differential Ability Scales, Second Edition (DAS-II)
Leiter Internatonal Performance Scale, Third Edition (Leiter-3)
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Sacles, Fifth Edition (SB-V)
Wechsler scales (WISC-IV or WISC-V, WPPSI-IV, WAIS-IV)
Raven's Progressive Matrices - Revised
Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children: Second Edition (KABC-II)
Examples of achievement assessments that are acceptable and most commonly used when determining eligibility for ESE services:
Bracken Basic Concept Scales, Third Edition
Diagnostic Achievement Battery, Third Edition (DAB-3)
Gray Oral Reading Test, Fourth Edition or Fifth Edition (GORT-4 or GORT-5)
KeyMath, Third Edition
Test of Reading Comprehension, Fourth Edition (TORC-4)
Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Second Edition or Third Edition (KTEA-2 or KTEA-3)
Test of Written Language, Fourth Edition (TOWL-4)
Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, Third Edition (WIAT-III)
Woodcock-Johnson III: Tests of Achievement (Forms A & B) or Woodcock-Johnson IV: Tests of Achievement
Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests, Third Edition (WRMT-III)
Examples of behavioral assessments that are acceptable and most commonly used when determining eligibility for ESE services:
Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2)
Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist
Beck Youth Inventories, Second Edition (BYI-II)
Examples of process tests that are acceptable (process tests are not mandatory) when determining eligibility for ESE services:
Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing, Second Edition (CTOPP-2)
Detroit Tests of Learning Aptitude, Fourth Edition (DTLA-4)
Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration, Sixth Edition (Beery VMI)
Motor-Free Visual Perception Test, Third Edition (MVPT-3)
Woodcock-Johnson III: Tests of Cognitive Ability or Woodcock-Johnson IV: Test of Cognitive Ablities(cluster scores)
Test of Visual Perceptual Skills, Third Edition (TVPS-3)
Test of Language Development, Fourth Edition (TOLD:4)
Lindamood Auditory Conceptualization Test, Third Edition (LAC-3)
Examples of adaptive behavior ratings that are acceptable and most commonly used when determining eligibility for ESE services:
Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-Second Edition (ABAS-II)
Scales of Independent Behavior- Revised (SIB-R)
Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland II)
Comprehensive Test of Adaptive Behavior- Revised (CTAB-R)
Battery of tests needed to consider eligibility for Specific Learning Disabilities* placement:
Battery of tests needed to consider eligibility for Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities placement:
Behavior Ratings (2)
Battery of tests needed to consider eligibility for Intellectual Disability placement:
Adaptive Behavior Ratings
Battery of tests needed to consider eligibility for Gifted** placement:
*State Board rules indicate general education interventions with response to intervention data must be used to determine SLD placement.
** For children evaluated privately, the school-based screening requirements will also have to be met (i.e., Parent Rating Scale, Teacher Rating Scale, Checklist of Creative Positives).
Instruments that are unacceptable for eligibility purposes:
Screening instruments such as Bender-Gestalt, Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (Screener Composite), Wide Range Achievement Test, Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT), K-TEA Brief, Woodcock Mini-Battery of Achievement, Kaufman Functional Academic Skills Test (K-FAST), Otis-Lennon, etc. Behavior screeners such as the Burks' Behavior Rating Scales, Conner's Behavior Ratings, and Devereux Behavior Rating-School Form are unacceptable for initial placement in Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities.
Additional information/data necessary when self-contained placement is being considered:
For Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities and Intellectual disabilities, a social history must be completed by a School Social Worker. If one has previously been completed by a private social worker or by a School Social Worker in another county or state, this report must be submitted to the Volusia County Schools Social Work Services office for approval.
Acceptability of using short forms or pro-rateing tests:
We suggest that examiners adhere to the recommended assessment procedures described by the test publisher or author in the examiner's manual (i.e., administration of all subtests rather than partial batteries, administration of the recommended subtests vs. substituting supplemental subtests, etc.).
Age norms or grade norms for test scores:
Using partial scores for placement into the Gifted program:
When the Wechsler scales are given, the Verbal or Performance score may be used for determining eligibility on the recommendation of the examining psychologist; however, this recommendation must be stated in the written report and accompanied by justification accepted by the Department of Education (i.e., the child's native language is not English; the child has had significant early or continued hearing loss; the child has had significant early or continued loss or severe impairment of sight; the child comes from a cultural background which may have caused one section of the test to be invalid, such as being brought up in a non-English speaking country; a physical disability, such as cerebral palsy, makes it impossible to perform properly on one section of the test; emotional factors may have caused the child not to perform adequately on the test). Partial scores may not be used with the Stanford-Binet or any other intelligence measure.
Using Standard Error of Measurement for Gifted placement:
The Standard Error of Measurement may be applied to the Full Scale IQ of the Wechsler scales (but not to either the Verbal or Performance scores) or the Stanford-Binet. The recommendation to apply the Standard Error of Measurement when considering eligibility must be stated in the written report of the examining psychologist.
Using the Standard Error of Measurement to the IQ or the cluster scores of achievement measures when determining eligibility for Specific Learning Disabilities placement:
Should private practitioners make recommendations for special class placement?
No. We are bound by State Board of Education rules for determining eligibility for ESE placement.
Accommodations that are made for children diagnosed as ADHD/ADD:
Students referred for possible attentional problems (through parents, teachers, physicians, or private clinicians) are handled through the Problem Solving Team at the child's school. Appropriate interventions and accommodation plans based on the individual student's needs are developed through these committees with parent input. School Psychologists do not make the diagnosis of ADHD/ADD.
What Volusia County School Psychologists look for when reviewing private reports:
Report is written on letterhead stationery
Report is signed by the examiner
Testing was completed within the past 3 years, when the data will be used to determine eligibility for ESE services
Subtest and cluster scores are included in the report
Testing was done by a licensed private practitioner or a state certified school system examiner (DOE certificate number or licensure data should be included)
Evaluations not using the most recent normative data (i.e., WISC-IV or WISC-V, Stanford-Binet-V, WPPSI-IV, etc.) will not be approved.
Where should reports done by private practitioners be submitted for approval:
Private reports may be submitted to any of the Psychological Services offices, to the School Counselor of the child's zone school, to the Problem Solving Team Chairperson of the child's zone school, or directly to the School Psychologist assigned to the child's zone school.
The procedure once the private report has been submitted for approval:
The approved report is distributed to the school, the School Psychologist assigned to the child's zone school, and the Placement Specialist assigned to the child's zone school. If the private practitioner has made a diagnosis that might indicate the need for ESE services, a Case Review may be held in order to determine whether any additional information needs to be gathered. In addition, the child's teacher should discuss the child's functioning at a Problem Solving Team meeting and provide research based interventions for an appropriate time period. If the interventions have not been successful, the Team may recommend that a referral be made to the Psychological Services office (if additional testing is necessary) or to the Placement Specialist (if no additional testing is needed).
Assessment Index: This index lists tests that are currently approved for use in Volusia County Public Schools to assist in determining eligibility for Exceptional Student Education services.